Tuesday, June 03, 2008

A global “scoop” and much controversy

Luciano Martins Costa (translated from the Portuguese by Matthew Meyer)

Friday’s (5/30) front-page news on all of Brazil’s biggest newspapers had already been published on the BBC’s site and the UOL webpage: the news that FUNAI [Brazil’s Indian affairs agency] had discovered, in Acre state, a village of Indians not yet contacted by the white man, and with no record of relations with other tribes. From then on, the news and some photographs crisscrossed the globe through the Associated Press and Reuters news agencies, producing a frisson that echoed throughout television news in Brazil and internationally. Along with the news, however, ran a debate about journalistic ethics and intellectual property.

There’s not much to speculate about in the case, however. What there is, is a good case for the study of information-related rights. The “scoop,” which presented to the world the discovery made by a team led by the backwoodsman José Carlos dos Reis Meirelles Júnior, belongs to Altino Machado, and was reported on his blog.

Altino posted th story on his blog and sent a more complete version to his column at the online Terra Magazine. Meirelles provided him two CDs with about 1200 photographs and gave him an interview, at the journalist’s house, recorded on the 22nd of May. The original text was written in the presence of the backwoodsman. The next morning, on Friday the 23rd, the text was published on the blog and Terra Magazine, in addition to the longer report, distributed a version in Spanish for its entire coverage area in Latin America, the United States, and Spain.

Criteria for ceding rights

The problem was, none of the press outlets that reproduced the story in the past week cited the source. Beyond this, there arose a parallel controversy about the ownership of the photographs. The photo journalist Gleilson Miranda, chosen to accompany the expedition, decided to sell copies of the photographs for 250 reais [about US$150] each, alleging that the rights belonged to him. Miranda is an employee of the Acre State News Agency, and he took the photographs with a camera belonging to the Acre state Secretariat of Communication, on board an Acre state government airplane on loan to the backwoodsman Meirelles on an official FUNAI mission.

To set the record straight, the head of Acre’s state Communications Office, Itaan Arruda, distributed the following statement:

“I would like to make it known that images captured by any photographic or cinematographic reporter from the Acre state press office belong to the people of Acre. They are public images. They are public property. Out of respect to the people of Acre (…) we are not permitted to profit or supplement our income using property that is not ours personally and exclusively. Further, it should be noted that use of such images should follow ceding criteria, beginning with the obvious and elementary contact with the government press office or with any agency that works in partnership with us.”

Some observations

The backwoodsman José Carlos Meirelles, who is the coordinator of the Rio Envira Enthno-environmental Protection Front, also distributed a statement declaring that “the photos used on the Blog do Altino and later used in Terra Magazine were provided by me to Mr. Altino Machado. These photos are the property of the National Indian Foundation [FUNAI], as long as the Indians photographed remain isolated, and may not be used for commercial ends and much less commercialized.”

The controversy of the rights linked to the photographs will be worked out between the Acre government, its employee, and FUNAI. Some copies circulated in the international media, credited to the Associated Press (AP), which reproduced them with precarious and unauthorized license from the photographer Gleilson Miranda.

If legislation that applies to the acquisition of other products of illegitimate origin is valid in this case, it is up to AP to explain how it can assume as its property rights whose authenticity are not confirmed at their source. Such cases are common, and derive from a certain “inattention” on the part of many editors with respect to correct credit, since an image, once online, can follow chance pathways that make determining its origins difficult. The AP bought the rights from Gleilson without checking whether he held these rights. The editors receive the photo from AP and attribute credit to it, and so on.

But there are some additional observations to be made about this story. The first is that the “scoop” was only noticed by the mainstream press, and reproduced on its websites, a week after it was published on Altino Machado’s blog. The second is that the Brazilian press “didn’t see” the original version of the story: the first version on the UOL portal stated that “the photos were released by Survival International,” a group that fights to protect isolated tribes. The BBC’s site, one of the first among the latecomers to the story, likewise claimed that “the photos were released by Survival International, which supports FUNAI’s policy on isolated peoples (…)” etc. To complete the circle, the newspaper Página 20, in Rio Branco, Acre, where the author of the “scoop” lives, wrote that “the story came to light through the BBC news agency and was featured in almost all the online papers (…).”

Far from the lenses and the eyes

The story also reached readers of Le Monde, The Guardian, The New York Times, El País, and many other international media giants. Afterwards, on Friday (5/30), it landed on the front pages of the Folha de São Paulo, the Estado de São Paulo, the Globo, and other papers throughout Brazil. The Folha was the only daily that did right, observing that “FUNAI took more than 1000 photos. Meirelles decided to forward the photographic material to the journalist Altino Machado, who published three photos on the Terra Magazine website. The idea was to get the attention of the Acre state government, which promised to install a lookout post in the area, which has become the target of illegal gold prospecting.”

A detail: according to Altino Machado, the isolated tribe is threatened not by prospectors, but by illegal loggers who enter Amazonia through the Peruvian border—a fact that he reported at the same time.

Besides verifying that the press, in general, does not confirm the origins of many things it publishes, the debate involves another question, suggested by Meirelles, the backwoodsman. The photographs of the Indians presupposes a right that they may eventually exercise, if and when they decide to accept contact with the whites. Because of this, the backwoodsman has been scrambling to provide registers to assure that, in the future, this right does not continue to be ignored.

In Acre, the Indians who avoid contact with the whites and with acculturated tribes are called “invisible.” The story of the village located in the area of Xinane creek shows that, with such a lack of respect, they may do well to stay far away from the lenses and the gazes of the white man.

[Note: José Murilo Júnior offers commentary, in English, on this case and the recent Eletrobras confrontation over the Xingu hydroelectric project.]

Labels: , , ,

42 Comments:

Blogger joao bosco guerreiro da silva said...

Congratulations for your blog. I did not know it yet. It was a pleasant surprise! The northern people must know about this land over here. Hugs

9:00 PM  
Blogger blairqdebord said...

不錯網站視訊美女mybank,
xxx383美女寫真aa,
日本免費視訊,
免費av18禁影片,
免費影片百分百貼影片區,
一葉晴貼片免費影片線上直播,
日本avdvd介紹免費觀賞,
080視訊聊天室,
免費視訊聊天室,
250av女優免費影片,
視訊主播sex888movie,
av999免費影片,
台灣情網色,
250av女優免費影片,
免費視訊辣妹愛情公寓,
a片下載,
百分百貼影片區,
s18x色片,
sogo成人論壇,
免費a片卡通,
彩虹頻道免費短片,
jp成人視訊聊天,
250av女優免費影片,
kk視訊聊天,
utshow視訊聊天,
後宮電影電影院,
影音視訊交友,
辣妹貼圖a片天堂,
後宮-成人影片,
sex888免費看影片論壇,18成人,

5:02 AM  
Blogger miladawley said...

cool BLOG..................................................

6:45 AM  
Blogger 紅包 said...

想像力的力量比知識更加巨大。 ..................................................

5:02 PM  
Blogger 餐廳 said...

快樂是你與生俱來的權力,它不應該取決於你完成什麼。 ........................................

7:27 AM  
Blogger 跑步 said...

情色巨乳人妻a圖18禁成人自拍裸體成人聊天室走光色情影片av色情做愛sex成人影片18成人性愛線上a片自慰情趣嘿咻情色網網愛聊天情色影片愛愛色情網站性愛影片性愛圖作愛一夜情做愛自拍口交性交露點裸照成人圖片sexy潮吹色情影片色情影片

12:34 AM  
Blogger 佳瑩佳瑩 said...

It's great!!.............................................

10:08 PM  
Blogger 王妍妮 said...

想像力的力量比知識更加巨大。......................................................

1:17 AM  
Blogger Rosalinda21087 said...

新浪視訊 色妹妹視訊高雄援交 34c視訊網愛聊天室 一對多視訊拓網辣妹視訊 176視訊聊天室 av最前線 視訊交友90739南台灣視訊 性愛貼圖 視訊聊天室90739 show-live視訊情色網 援交女豆豆出租情人視訊 sogo論壇視訊辣妹 桃園兼職援交辣妹視訊 一對一視訊520sex 日本視訊小魔女自拍 av1688影音娛樂網 辣手美眉甜心寶貝直播貼片 免費色咪咪視訊網pc交友 視訊美女ggoo 免費視訊情色網 咆哮小老鼠 高雄援交夢中情人情趣用品 sex888免費看影片波霸美女寫真 sex888免費看影片 視訊新竹援交留言 0401成人聊天室 甜心寶貝貼影片援交友留言桃園 sogo論壇080情人網 視訊泳裝秀拓網交友 色美眉免費看視訊 免費色咪咪影片網兼職援交 聊天室ilover99 a片天堂卡通aa片 台灣情色網無碼avdvd 色色網 sexydiamondsex888入口 高雄視訊辣妹自拍 免費a片亞洲東洋影片 hilive本土自拍天堂 西門慶成人論壇 費aaa片試看 dudusex免費影片 avdvd一夜情色妹妹免費情慾影片觀賞 qq美美色網影片av免費影片 日本a片自拍偷拍網站情色小說 jp成人a片 日本avdvd女優xxx383美女寫真

12:33 PM  
Blogger Ko212ryS_Dahle0 said...

上床圖片av圖片免費色情圖台灣性網陰蒂淫妹貼圖色情激突成人論壇成人色情網激情成人聊天室情色影音鹹濕女生自慰影片淫慾自慰色情a片成人色情圖片網情人視訊網成人話題成人色情台灣成人淫蕩a圖片情色留言板女生奶頭情色成人全裸美女圖片情色寫真裸體照大奶子台灣色情成人網站一夜正妹美女裸體寫真g罩杯美女sex520情趣娃娃視訊打槍視訊辣妹uthome淫亂走光照av情色網女生高潮成人自拍火辣眉眉太太陰毛美女視訊聊天全裸入鏡火辣av三點全露

11:10 PM  
Blogger 原秋 said...

人必須心懷希望,才會活的快樂,日子才過得充實,有意義,有朝氣,有信心。........................................

12:24 AM  
Blogger 玄雨 said...

從人生中拿走友誼,猶如從生活中移走陽光........................................

12:23 AM  
Blogger Br1207yantScipio1 said...

好問才能博學。.............................................

3:03 PM  
Blogger 怡潔 said...

好問才能博學。......................................................

1:18 AM  
Blogger 健豪 said...

值得一看再看的格子,多謝分享........................................

1:44 AM  
Blogger D415_evonN_Risinger0 said...

良言一句三冬暖,惡語傷人六月寒。...........................................................................

10:40 AM  
Blogger hernande said...

enjoy your artical, thank you ........................................

12:25 AM  
Blogger vickiekurt said...

不錯唷~我會常常來 >"<..................................................

9:33 AM  
Blogger 俊偉 said...

Keep in contact. Good Luck..................................................

7:57 AM  
Blogger 許靜怡 said...

感謝你的分享 要繼續發表好文章喔

7:15 AM  
Blogger 張瑋劭 said...

在莫非定律中有項笨蛋定律:「一個組織中的笨蛋,恆大於等於三分之二。」......................................................................

10:52 PM  
Blogger 怡潔怡潔 said...

與人相處不妨多用眼睛說話,多用嘴巴思考,....................................................................

6:55 AM  
Blogger 凱文凱文 said...

卡爾.桑得柏:「除非先有夢,否則一切皆不成。」共勉!............................................................

11:41 PM  
Blogger 戴昀德 said...

人有兩眼一舌,是為了觀察倍於說話的緣故。............................................................

3:37 PM  
Blogger 芸茂芸茂 said...

初次造訪,安安^^..................................................................

9:51 PM  
Blogger 佳皓佳皓 said...

文章是心情的反應~~祝妳天天寫的都是讓人開心的好文章哦!!............................................................

11:04 PM  
Blogger dawsonfelicia張君dawsonfelicia均 said...

好文章就值得回響,如果可以常常看到您的更新,應該是件很幸福的事情~~............................................................

5:10 AM  
Blogger 陳倩江陳倩江 said...

堅持下去,直到成功..................................................................

7:58 PM  
Blogger 原秋原秋 said...

人應該做自己認為對的事,而不是一味跟著群眾的建議走。..................................................

4:34 AM  
Blogger 潘凱花潘凱花 said...

謝謝大大的分享 我會學會反省與寬容 感恩 ∩△∩............................................................

10:58 PM  
Blogger 莊雅和莊雅和莊雅和 said...

實在是太完美了!非常感谢!给心心!(〃ω〃)............................................................

10:58 PM  
Blogger 佳瑩佳瑩 said...

i consder your artical is so nice!..................................................................

7:27 PM  
Blogger lowe施cole鈺man駿 said...

做好事,不需要給人知道,雖然只是一件微不足道的事,但我相信,這會帶給我快樂。..................................................

9:07 AM  
Blogger 陳陳昀人良喬 said...

幸福不是一切,人還有責任。............................................................

6:40 PM  
Blogger 家唐銘 said...

男女互悅,未必廝守終生,相愛就是美的。.................................................................

10:37 PM  
Blogger 文王廷 said...

Quality is better than quantity...................................................................

8:54 AM  
Blogger 偉曹琬 said...

知識可以傳授,智慧卻不行。每個人必須成為他自己。. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4:14 AM  
Blogger 冠陳儒 said...

知識可以傳授,智慧卻不行。每個人必須成為他自己。. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1:14 AM  
Blogger 廷家祥家祥雯 said...

安...辛苦了!你的文章讓我特別放鬆..................................................................

2:01 AM  
Blogger 至馬馬馬馬玄馬馬馬馬 said...

堅持是為著某種目的或目標,而持續不斷朝向既定方向努力的一種意念。..................................................

2:01 AM  
Blogger 耿麗旺麗旺麗旺綺 said...

跟您打聲招呼,願我們大家都更好!!..................................................................

2:06 AM  
Blogger 翊翊翊翊張瑜翊翊翊 said...

很棒很期待新的內容............................................................

7:14 AM  

Post a Comment

<< Home


Technorati blog directory
Academics Blog Top Sites